AkwaMagTM has mastered magnetic water softening through the use of our patent pending, award winning High Intensity MultipassTM technology. Our technology has been evaluated and supported by our partners including NASA Ames Research Center (testing underway for applications in space travel and at the International Space station) and San Jose State University. Our company was recognized at the 2014 Sustainable Brands San Diego Conference and The Cleantech Open 2013 (the world’s largest clean tech accelerator). AkwaMagTM technology succeeds where many other attempts at magnetic softeners have failed.
Magnetic Technology Overview
AkwaMagTM has three major advantages over existing water softening technologies.: it does not discharge wasteful brine (grey water) or environmentally harmful salt, it requires no maintenance, and it has unlimited capacity. AkwaMagTM converts dissolved lime-scale into a structure that is easily and safely removed from fixtures, pipes, appliances and equipment.
There is a lot of misinformation on the internet regarding magnetic water softening and the impact the magnetic field has on the calcium carbonate (the scale causing mineral). This is often based on anecdotal information and inadequately designed technologies. Fortunately, the effect of magnets on hard water and magnetohydrodynamics(the interaction between water and magnets) has been widely studied and published by scientists around the world (literally), a list of which can be found at the bottom of this page. The Akwamag was developed with a deep understanding of magnetohydrodynamics!
The technology works by directing water through a strong, proprietary magnetic field, known as the High Intensity Multipass system in the Akwamag. While this process does not remove any calcium from the water, it changes the structure of the calcium carbonate, diminishing its ability to stick to surfaces.
The calcium carbonate mineral has two common, naturally occurring crystalline structures: Aragonite, which forms in long columns, and Calcite, which forms in small beads. Calcite is naturally more stable than Aragonite due to its structure, making it much more abundant in our water. Furthermore, Calcite’s small beaded structure conglomerates easily, creating a hard scale that clings well to surfaces, while Aragonite’s long column shape is significantly less prone to conglomeration allowing it to flow along with the water.
For clear, observable effects of magnets on water and calcium carbonate, we can look at a pater by J.M.D. Coey (author of the graduate text book “Magnetism and Magnetic Materials”) and Stephen Cass entitled “Magnetic Water Treatment” which appeared in the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Issue 209. The team performed an experiment in which two beakers containing water were heated and allowed the water to evaporate leaving only carbonate crystals. In one beaker, the water was passed through a magnetic field, while the other contained water that had not been influenced by magnets. The carbonate crystals remaining from each beaker were examined by X-ray diffraction (which reveals the crystallographic structure(s) of a substance) and a scanning electron microscope (which takes a “micro” image of that system).
The electron microscope image below clearly shows that carbonate deposits from the untreated water (left) contains significantly less Aragonite colunms and significantly more calcite beads than the magnetically treated water (right). This means the treated water can flow freely through a water system with virtually no scaling implication. The line on the image shows the comparable length of 50 microns, about the diameter of a hair folical. The calcite beads and aragonite rods are many times smaller than your hair!
Coey and Cass also tested for the additional factor of time, as water can sit in pipes or water heater for a number of hours, between softening and end use. What they found was that even after 200 hours (8.5 days), the magnetically treated water still has a very high concentration of Aragonite, significant enough to dramatically reduce scaling implications of hard water.
The differences are visible to the naked eye. There are no unsightly, difficult-to-clean stains on fixtures or equipment.
Scientific Publications on Magnetic Water Softening
|>||Former Soviet Union (1969): Magnetic Water: Between Scylla and Carybdis, V. E. Klassen, Institute of Mineral Fuels of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1969, 25-27.|
|>||Former Soviet Union (1987): Effect of Physical Fields on the Crystallisation and Deposition of Calcium Sulphate, B. D. Sinezhuk, T.Y. Fedoruk, and S. V. Mal’ko, Sov. J. Wat. Chem. Tech. 9, 407-410.|
|>||Chiba University, Japan (1991): Is a Magnetic Effect on Water Absorption Possible?, S. Ozeki, C. Wakai, S. Ono, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 1991, Vol. 95, No. 26, 10557-10559|
|>||Cranfield University, England (1997): Magnetic Treatment of Calcium Carbonate Scale Effect of pH Control, S. A. Parsons, B. L. Wang, S. J. Judd, and T. Stephenson, Wat. Res. Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 339-342, 1997|
|>||Purdue University (1997): Magnetic Treatment of Water Prevents Mineral Build-up, J. C. Quinn, T. C. Molden, Iron and Steel Engineer, Vol. 74, July 1997, pp 47-52|
|>||Baylor University, Texas (1997): Laboratory Studies on Magnetic Water Treatment and Their Relationship to a Possible Mechanism for Scale Reduction, K.W. Busch, M. A. Busch, Desalination 109 (1997) 131-148|
|>||Alberta Research Council, Canada (1997): Rapid Onset of Calcium Carbonate Crystallization Under the Influence of a Magnetic Field, Y. Wang, A. J. Babchin, T. L. Chernyi, R. S. Chow, and R. P. Sawatzky, Wat. Res. Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 346-350, 1997|
|>||Imperial College, London (1999): Biological Effects of Physically Conditioned Water, A. Goldsworthy, H. Whitney, and E. Morris, Wat. Res. Vol. 33, No. 7, pp. 1618-1626, 1999|
|>||Kumar Process, lndia (2001): Potential Use of Magnetic Fields – a Perspective, C.V. Vedavyasan, Desalination 134 (2001) 105-108|
|>||Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa (2003): The Effectiveness of a Magnetic Physical Water Treatment Device on Scaling in Domestic Hot-Water Storage Tanks, C. Smith, P.P. Coetzee, and J.P. Meyer, Water SA Vol. 29 No. 3 July 2003|
|>||Tianjin Polytechnic University, China (2007): Quantitative Study of the Effect of Electromagnetic Field on Scale Deposition on Nanofiltration Membranes Via UTDR, J. Li, J. Liu, T. Yang, C. Xiao, Wat. Res., 41 (2007) 4595– 4610|
|>||University of Maribor, Slovania (2007): Influence of Magnetic Field on the Aragonite Precipitation, L.C. Lipusa, D. Dobersek, Chem. Eng. Sci., 62 (2007) 2089 – 2095|
|>||University of Copenhagen, Denmark (2007): Theory of Electrolyte Crystallization in Magnetic Field, H. E. Lundager Madsen, Journal of Crystal Growth 305 (2007) 271–277|
|>||Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France (2009): Effect of magnetic water treatment on calcium carbonate precipitation: Influence of the pipe material, F. Alimia, M.M. Tlili, M. Ben Amora, G. Maurinb, C. Gabrielli, Chem. Eng. and Process., 48 (2009) 1327–1332|
|>||National Taiwan University (2010): Effect of the Magnetic Field on the Growth Rate of Aragonite and the Precipitation of CaCO3, M. C. Chang, C. Y. Tai, Chem. Eng. J., 164 (2010) 1–9|
|>||Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland (2011): Effects of Static Magnetic Field on Electrolyte Solutions under Kinetic Condition, A. Szcze, E. Chibowski, L. Hozysz, and P. Rafalski, J. Phys. Chem. A 2011, 115, 5449–5452|
|>||Northwestern Polytechnical University, China (2012): Evaporation Rate of Water as a Function of a Magnetic Field and Field Gradient, Y. Guo, D. Yin, H. Cao, J. Shi, C. Zhang, Y.M. Liu, H. Huang, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Guo, A. Qian and P. Shang, Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 16916-16928|